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  • Vet Corner

    Visit our Vet Corner to learn more about what you can do to promote the health of your furry friends.

    Veterinary use of Enrofloxacin

    Enrofloxacin is a broad-spectrum, concentration-dependent*, bactericidal antibiotic used in a wide variety of species. A fluroquinolone, it is believed to act by inhibiting bacteria DNA-gyrase preventing DNA supercoiling and synthesis. Enrofloxacin has demonstrated a significant post-antibiotic effect (PAE)** for both gram – and + bacteria including Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella spp., E coli, Enterobacter, Campylobacter, Shigella, [...]

    Calcitriol for Chronic Renal Failure

    Uses/Indications: Controlling phosphate levels and preventing or reversing secondary hyperparathyroidism in dogs and cats suffering with chronic renal failure (CRF). Studies: A salutary effect of calcitriol treatment of CRF was shown in a placebo-controlled study of 37 dogs. The dose of calcitriol was adjusted according to serial ionized calcium and PTH determinations, and ranged from [...]

    Sildenafil (Viagra®) for Canine Pulmonary Hypertension

    Uses/Indications:  Treatment of Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension in canines (PAH) (pulmonary arterial systolic pressure > 30mm Hg, pulmonary arterial diastolic pressure > 15mm Hg, or mean pulmonary arterial pressure > 20mm Hg), is often associated with heartworm infection, respiratory conditions and acidosis. This is a life-threatening condition if untreated, ultimately causing right sided heart failure and [...]

    Clopidogrel for Feline Arterial Thromboembolism

    Uses/Indications: Prevention or minimization of recurrence of aortic thromboembolism associated with heart diseases such as cardiomyopathy and mitral valve dysplasia. Studies: 1. In 2013, a large scale multi-center prospective randomized trial known as FAT-CAT (Feline Arterial Thromboembolism: Clopidogrel vs. Aspirin Trial) results were released determining clopidogrel offered longer survival rates when compared to aspirin in [...]

    DES for Urinary Incontinence

    Uses/Indications:  Mostly used in estrogen responsive incontinence in spayed female dogs and in the medical treatment of benign prostatic hypertrophy in male dogs. Controversially, it has been used in the prevention of pregnancy after mismating in female dogs and cats. Studies:  In a retrospective study, 40 ovariectomized dogs were divided into two separate groups and [...]

    Amlodipine to Treat Feline Systemic Hypertension

    Uses/Indications:  Treatment of hypertension (HTN) in felines (systolic blood pressure > 160mm Hg), which is typically secondary to other diseases (renal failure, cardiac causes, such as thyrotoxic cardiomyopathy or primary hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, etc.) and is most often seen in middle-aged or geriatric cats. These cats typically present with acute symptoms such as blindness, seizures, collapse, [...]

    Potassium Bromide for Seizure Control in Canines

    Uses/Indications:  Used as both primary and adjunctive therapy to control seizures in dogs who are not adequately controlled on phenobarbital alone (when steady state trough phenobarbital concentrations are > 30mcg/ml for one month). Historically, it is only used alone when patients are suffering from phenobarbital hepatotoxicity, and occasionally may be considered as a drug of [...]