Favorites

Related Posts

Nebulized Clotrimazole for Avian Aspergillosis

Avian Aspergillosis is the most common fungal disease of the avian respiratory tract with the primary culprit being Aspergillosis fumigatus. This infection can be challenging to treat at times for a number of reasons. The initial diagnosis of distinguishing Aspergillosis can be tricky since this opportunistic infection often presents with non-specific symptoms. Predisposing conditions such as immunocompromised, unsanitary conditions, malnutrition and respiratory irritants can increase susceptibility to Aspergillosis. Once the diagnosis is made, the fungi produce spores that attach to the lung cavity and air sacs (Beernaert, 2010). 

Assuming your avian friend is willing to comply with wearing a face mask for nebulization therapy, inhalation therapy will be ideal for localized treatment to lungs. This helps achieve high lung concentrations of medication while minimizing systemic side effect potential. Treatment with antifungal therapy is often a long duration to ensure complete eradication and avoid re-infection, particularly to eliminate spores. Most recommendations have therapy anywhere between 1-4 months with Clotrimazole 1% given daily over 30 minutes as a great option (Orosz, 1995). Many have seen dramatic improvements over just one week but important to continue for longer duration to ensure eradication of disease. 

Beernaert, L.A. et al. (2010). Aspergillus infections in birds: a review. Avian Pathology, 39 (5), 325-331. 

Beernaert LA, Pasmans F, Van Waeyenberghe L, et al. Avian Aspergillus fumigatus strains resistant to both itraconazole and voriconazole. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2009;53(5):2199–2201. doi:10.1128/AAC.01492-08

Orosz, S.E. & Frazier, D.L. (1995) Antifungal agents: a review of their pharmacology and therapeutic indications. Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery, 9, 8-18.

Shopping Cart
X
Pharmacy Solutions - RX Compound

SAVE an additional 10%

We’re locking down the savings on every delivery! You’ll enjoy 10% off our lowest advertised price for all of our products on rxcompound.com. This includes items that are already on sale!

Auto Delivery is the most convenient way to enjoy your favorites from Pharmacy Soluitons®. We automatically ship your products based on the frequency you can set. Flexible, easy and you can pause, skip, change, or cancel your subscription online at any time. You can also update your delivery frequency and schedule, or swap out flavors at anytime. Just tell us how often you want your items, and we’ll take it from there!

To subscribe, simply select the Auto Delivery option and shipment frequency for your desired products.

Pharmacy Solutions - RX Compound

Pharmacy Solutions
1921 W Pioneer Pkwy,
Arlington, TX 76013

Pharmacy Solutions - RX Compound

ATTENTION!

YOUR FORM IS NOT SUBMITTED

To submit your order, click the “PRINT/SAVE” button located under this pop-up. 

Print and Save

You can save the PDF to your computer to fax at a later date or print it now to fax immediately.  

Printing Copy Save

Fax your order form to 817-860-6083 for processing.