Enrofloxacin: This is in the drug class fluoroquinolones and is a broad-spectrum bactericidal antibiotic. It can be administered to both cats and dogs to treat ear infections. Enrofloxacin is effective against both gram positive and gram negative bacteria, particularly E.coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Vibri, Staphylococci and Brucella. Enrofloxacin is a beneficial choice for difficult to treat infections.
Warnings: If given orally, side effects of Enrofloxacin include vomiting, diarrhea and increased liver enzymes. Other concerns include cartilage abnormalities. Therefore, this medication should be used with caution in young animals. Severe liver and kidney problems may require a lower dose of Enrofloxacin or another alternative.
Forms: The most popular way to deliver the medication for ear infections in an otic gel. We frequently dispense Enrofloxacin in a pluronic gel. When cooled it is in a liquid state, but when warmed it will form a gel; which is ideal for direct site action in situations like an ear infection. The ear canal temperature can change the state of the gel, so it will work efficiently in the affected site. This will greatly reduce recurrent ear infections, bypass any potential side effects of a drug given orally, and prevent bacterial resistance. Otic gels can include other products, in addition to Enrofloxacin, like antifungals, steroids, and additional antibiotics to cover further concerns concurrently. Doses can be re-evaluated after 5-7 days for effectiveness and whether retreatment is necessary.